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Chinese Porcelain Marks

This porcelain base with its various marks and stickers shows how porcelain from China was decorated in Macau. Porcelain with very similar decoration exists where similar stickers tell the actual porcelain is from Japan.

Marks on 'Macau Style' decorated porcelain, all from c. 1965 and later

The background to how these pieces came to be is probably to be found in the difficulties that was met with in China proper during the Cultural Revolution 1965-1975, when also much porcelain decoration and trade moved out to Hong Kong and as it seems, Macau.

The reason I have decided to call these special pieces "Macau style" is that some porcelain pieces have been found with a "Macau" sticker and some with the name Macau actually added to the mark.

There is as always a conflict between marks and reality and some "Macau" pieces does seems to come with a "Hong Kong" mark too. Geographically it is actually not far between neither Canton, Macau or Hong Kong located in the Pearl River delta in the Guangdong province of China however politically, the difference in the last quarter of the 20th century was considerable.

The style of the "Macau group" is however easily recognized by its slightly "un-Chinese" style of decorations and its often pale enamels. It would be great if someone with any knowledge of where this porcelain were made or decorated could contact me about this and tell.

Until further, I have decided to group these marks and pieces, decorated in this peculiar style under one headline, to make it easier to study and identify them.


'Qianlong' mark, six character, 1965 or later
1459. Mark: Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi meaning: "Great Qing Dynasty, Qianlong Period, Made". On the base a paper label, Chinese porcelain decorated in Macau. Date: probably c. 1970s or later.

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1388. Mark: Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi meaning: "Great Qing Dynasty, Qianlong Period, Made". On the base a paper label, Chinese porcelain decorated in Macau. Date: probably c. 1970.

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792. Mark: Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi meaning: "Great Qing Dynasty, Qianlong Period, Made". The three words below the mark reads Ao Men Zao meaning "made in Macau". Date: probably c. 1970.

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841. Mark: Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi meaning: "Great Qing Dynasty, Qianlong Period, Made". The three words below the mark reads Ao Men Zao meaning "made in Macau". The decoration is characterized by clear printed outlines, carelessly filled in with watery transparent enamel colors. Date: probably c. 1970.

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559. Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi - "Great Qing Qianlong Period Made". 'Macau style' enamels. Mid 20th Century.

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636. Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi - "Great Qing Qianlong Period Made". Tentatively suggested to be "Macau Style" but uncertain until further. Probably 3rd quarter of 20th century.

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495. Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi - "Great Qing Dynasty, Qianlong Period, Made". 'Macau style' decoration, probably 1960-70's.

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838. Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi - "Great Qing Dynasty, Qianlong Period, Made". 'Macau style' decoration, probably 1960-70's.
Secondary mark on base "K310".

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959. Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi - "Great Qing Dynasty, Qianlong Period, Made". Ginger jar with sticker "CPC - Made in Macau". Known to be at least c. 30 years old, probably date 1960-70's.
Secondary mark on base "067" within triangle.

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809. Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi - "Great Qing Dynasty, Qianlong Period, Made". 'Macau style' decoration, probably 1960-70's.

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890. Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi - "Great Qing Dynasty, Qianlong Period, Made". Sticker saying porcelain from China, decoration in Macau. Bowl diameter 10"/25cm. 'Macau style' decoration, probably 1960-70's.

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801. Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi - "Great Qing Dynasty, Qianlong Period, Made". 'Macau style' decoration, probably 1960-70s.

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808. Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi - "Great Qing Dynasty, Qianlong Period, Made". 'Macau style' decoration, probably 1960-70's.

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802. Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi - "Great Qing Dynasty, Qianlong Period, Made". 'Macau style' decoration, probably 1970-80s.

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1060. Da Qing Qianlong Nian Zhi - "Great Qing Dynasty, Qianlong Period, Made". 'Macau style' mark, Possibly 1970-80s period.

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'Qianlong' mark, four character, double frame, 1965 or later
775. Qianlong Nian Zhi - "Qianlong Period, Made", 1970.
Decorated in Macau according to a sticker on the base. If you look very closely at this mark and compares it to the similar marks used in Hong Kong at this time, the characters on this mark is written in a slightly western "italic" style as compared to the Hong Kong versions, which are drawn more formal and straight up. This mark is quite unique in that the identification of it as of Macau is possibly only thanks to the remaining paper labels added to the base. The unique character of the decoration should help in finding further pieces of this kind.

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338. Qianlong Nian Zhi "Qianlong Period Made". The mark says "FARICDO EM MACAU" being a short for FABRICADO EM MACAU, mening "Made in Macau". Later part of 20th century.

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'Jiaqing' mark, six character, single frame, 1965 or later
507. Mark: Da Qing Jiaqing Nian Zhi - "Great Qing Jiaqing period (1796-1820) made". Possibly decorated in Macau c. 1960s.


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698. Mark: Da Qing Jiaqing Nian Zhi - "Great Qing Jiaqing period (1796-1820) made". Possibly decorated in Macau c. 1960s.


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594. Mark: Da Qing Jiaqing Nian Zhi - "Great Qing Jiaqing period (1796-1820) made". Possibly decorated in Macau c. 1960s.

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643. Mark: Da Qing Jiaqing Nian Zhi - "Great Qing Jiaqing period (1796-1820) made". Possibly decorated in Macau c. 1960s.

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644. Mark: Da Qing Jiaqing Nian Zhi - "Great Qing Jiaqing period (1796-1820) made". Possibly decorated in Macau c. 1960s.

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760. Mark: Da Qing Jiaqing Nian Zhi - "Great Qing Jiaqing period (1796-1820) made". Inside the neck a sticker saying, Made in Hong Kong. Tentative date c. 1960-70s. Beside that the sticker indicates Hong Kong, this marks seems to be uniquely connected to Macau.

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'Tongzhi' mark, six character, no border, 1965 or later
166. Da Qing Tungzhi Nian Zhi - "Great Qing Tungzhi (1862-74) Period Made". 'Macau style' enamels c. 1970 / probably mid to late 20th century.
765. Da Qing Tungzhi Nian Zhi - "Great Qing Tungzhi (1862-74) Period Made". 'Macau style' enamels c. 1970.

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'Tongzhi' mark, six character, single border, 1965 or later
1461. Vase. Mark. Da Qing Tungzhi Nian Zhi - "Great Qing Tungzhi (1862-74) Period Made". 'Macau style' enamels c. 1970 to 1990. On the base of the vase are two stickers saying "China porcelain ware, hand decorated in Macau" and "Made in Macau" which I believe are contemporary with the vase and applied at the time of manufacture.

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1462. Bowl. Mark: Da Qing Tungzhi Nian Zhi - "Great Qing Tungzhi (1862-74) Period Made". 'Macau style' enamels c. 1970 to 1990. On the base of the basin are two paper labels, one round saying "Japan Porcelain Ware, Hand Decorated in Macau" and one rectangular saying "For Decorative Purposes Only, Not for Food Use, Made in Macau" which I believe are contemporary with the basin and applied at the time of manufacture.

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Heng Ming Jian Zhi
786. Mark in Chinese Zhuanshu characters: Heng Ming Jian Zhi flanked from right to left by Ao Men meaning; Macau. The four characters in the middle meaning "Production supervised by Heng Ming" or possible "Heng Ming supervised Production" where the third character jian means "inspect", followed by zhi meaning manufactured. All read from right to left. Date: Late 20th century.

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FANG - "IMITATING RELIC" 1975-85
This way of marking Chinese porcelain by adding a Fang character (Imitating) I have discussed at length with other porcelain specialists and we have come to the conclusion that this could not have been introduced earlier then after the Chinese "Cultural Revolution" which ended in 1975. During the Cultural Revolution it would probably have not been a good thing to want to 'imitate' something old. Earlier than that it is also unlikely that something would actually have been marked as 'imitating', so these marks all in all we feel should all date to 1975 or slightly later. After thinking further on this I have decided to move this whole section on Fang marks to the Macau section. First of all, all enamel marks to me now appears so obviously "Macau" style that I do think they do belong here. I also think that the idea of marking anything 'Fang' probably originated somewhere outside China in the first place; so Macau or possibly Hong Kong does fit the bill very well.
108. Mark: Da Qing Guangxu Nian Zhi The encircled character is Fang = "imitating", here used as a noun, since it is circled and independent. Compare with mark #89 below where "Fang" is used as a verb.
89. Fang Da Qing Qianlong - "Imitating Great Qing dynasty Qianlong period"
250. Fang Da Qing Qianlong - "Imitating Great Qing dynasty Qianlong period"
497. Fang Da Qing Qianlong - "Imitating Great Qing dynasty Qianlong period". Secondary mark '010' within a triangle.
504. Kangxi Nian Zhi Fang "Kangxi Period Made Imitating". Probably decorated in Macau, date also probably 1960s.

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728. Kangxi Nian Zhi Fang "Kangxi Period Made Imitating". Probably decorated in Macau 1960s-70s.

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1041. Kangxi Nian Zhi Fang "Kangxi Period Made Imitating". Probably decorated in Macau 1960s-70s.

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784. Kangxi Nian Zhi (Fang) - "Kangxi period made" under Fang = "Imitating" character. Probably decorated in Macau 1960s-70s.
133. Mark: Da Qing Fang Gu - "Great Qing Imitate relic". Fang and Gu are the same word, just two ways of writing it.

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441. Fang Da Qing Qianlong Zhi - "Imitating Great Qing Qianlong Period Made". Probably c. 1980.

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RECENT ADDITIONS
1107. Four character stamped mark meaning 'Macau added enamel'. Additional paper label telling "Made in Macau For Ornamental not Food Service". Likely date 1970s, when concerns about the health aspect of some glazes was raised.

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The gotheborg.com marks section as such was originally initiated by a donation of marks from the collection of Karl-Hans Schneider, Euskirchen, Germany in July 2000. The section have since then been greatly extended by several hundreds of contributors, and than translated mostly by Simon Ng, City University of Hong Kong, whose personal involvment in this work are and remain an invaluable help.
Readers are invited to supply any information and further marks you might have to

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